Bolshoi Theater after renovation
• Bolshoi Theater after renovation
What has changed in the Bolshoi Theater after a six-year renovation.
the Bolshoi Theater in 2011, turned 235 years old. More than two centuries ago, the Moscow prosecutor Prince Urusov received permission from the Empress to organize performances and masquerades in Moscow. He bought a plot of land not far from the Kremlin (modern Theater Square) and built a "Peter" theater.
Moscow opera and ballet theater at the outset pursued the trouble. In 1805 the building was destroyed by fire. The new theater in the same place was opened only in 1825. The building, designed by architect Osip Bove, staid little more than 25 years and is also burned. New opening of the theater (redesigned by Alberto Cavos) took place already in 1856.
This mishap was not the end of the theater. The following 120 years, the building is constantly in the process of restoration and repair, and in 2005 the state of the buildings and foundations were found in an emergency.
various options for the restoration and reconstruction of the Bolshoi Theater have been proposed, from the trivial to the overhaul of a complete renovation of the existing building. As a result, it was decided to restore the historical appearance of the viewing theater and hold a complete redesign of the service, including the scenic space.
The interior of the Bolshoi restored the pattern of different epochs. The auditorium and part of its suite of drawings recreated in 1856. Halls of the former imperial lobby restored as of 1895, after the restructuring of the theater to the coronation of Emperor Nicholas II.
New Gold theater curtain is an updated version of the famous Soviet, woven in 1955. The changes affected only the heraldic image: Stars and ears replaced the country's new coat of arms - two-headed eagle, and instead of the abbreviation "USSR" appeared "Russian" is displayed.
Before any work area of the main building was 30,366 square meters. m. After reconstruction is increased by 42,454 sq. m and now is 72,820 sq. m. The theater new buildings appeared, including an underground concert hall, located at the Theater area.
During the day the underground concert hall are going to be used for rehearsals of the orchestra and choir, and in the evening will be conducted chamber concerts here. Except for the rehearsal concert hall and the adjoining service facilities, in the underground portion will be located a great number of technical, household and office premises.
Seriously updated as the main stage of the Bolshoi Theater. Now it consists of seven two-level lifting and sunk sites. These platforms are easy to change their position, so that the scene can become horizontal, inclined or stepped.
The new upper stage mechanization made it possible to make full use of light, sound and visual effects. Stage space is equipped with special devices to accommodate modern lighting, equipment for special effects and acoustics.
Under the proscenium creates an additional space for the orchestra. Enlarged orchestra pit has become one of the biggest in the world and can now accommodate up to 130 people.
Particular attention was paid to the restoration of the legendary acoustics of the auditorium. The smallest details of the reconstruction of the premises until the pattern on the drapery folds boxes, consistent mandatory acoustics.
The first statement in the renovated Bolshoi Theater will take place on October 28.