How does Icebreaker
• How does the icebreaker
Known blogger Sergey Dolya traveler visited the North Pole and brought a lot of interesting experiences, this time he tells the story of an icebreaker on which they sailed.
Inherently atomic icebreaker - a ship. Nuclear reactor heats the water, which is converted into steam, which spins the turbine, which excite the generators, which produce electricity which is supplied to the electric motors that twist three propellers.
Body thickness in places ice breaking 5 centimeters, but the strength of the body attaches not so much plating thickness as the number and arrangement of the frames. Do icebreaker double bottom, so that in the case of water holes in the ship will not arrive.
At the atomic icebreaker "50 Years of Victory" with 2 nuclear reactor with a capacity of 170 megawatts each. Capacity of the two plants is enough to supply electricity to a city of 2 million people.
Nuclear reactors are protected from failures and external impacts. Ice breaker can sustain a direct hit the reactor passenger aircraft or collision with same icebreaker at speeds up to 10 km / h.
Reactors run by new fuel every 5 years!
We had a short tour of the engine room of the icebreaker, photos of which are under the cut. In addition to that, I'll show you where we eat, what to eat, how to relax, and the rest of the interior of the ice-breaker ... Tour starts at the office of the chief engineer. He spoke briefly about the structure of the icebreaker and about where we go during the tour. Since the group were mostly foreigners, everything is translated first into English and then into Japanese:
turbine 2, each of which concurrently rotates the generator 3, produce an alternating current. In the background, yellow boxes - it rectifiers. Since the propulsion motors powered by direct current, it is necessary to straighten:
Electric motors, rotating propellers. This place is very noisy and it is 9 meters below the waterline. Total sediment icebreaker - 11 meters:
Very impressive looks steering engine. Finger on the bridge of the steering turns the steering wheel a little, and there a huge pistons rotate wheel at the stern:
And this is the upper part of the steering wheel. he is in the water itself. Icebreaker is much more maneuverable conventional ships:
On the day they produce 120 tons of fresh water:
Water can try right from the distiller. I drank - ordinary distilled water:
The ship provided a lot of degrees of protection against emergency situations. One of them - a fire-fighting carbon dioxide:
Purely in Russian - from under the gasket dripping oil. Rather than replace the gasket, just hang jar. Do not believe it, but in my home as well. About a year ago flowed towel warmer, so I had still not replaced, but just once a week pour a bucket of water:
icebreakers operated 3 people. Watch lasts 4 hours, ie every change keeps watch, for example, from 4 days to 8 pm and from 4 am to 8 am the following from 8 pm to midnight, and from 8 am to noon, and so on. D. There are 3 shifts.
The watch consists of a steering sailor who directly turns the steering wheel, elder watch, which gives the team a sailor which turn the steering wheel and is responsible for the ship and the watch officer, which makes entries in the logbook, said the ship's position on the map and helps the senior watch.
Senior Watch usually stood in the left wing of the bridge, where all the necessary navigation equipment was installed. Three large lever in the middle - it handles machine telegraphs that control screw speed. Each of them has a 41 position - 20 forward and 20 feet back:
Steering sailor. Pay attention to the size of the wheel:
Radio Room. From here I send pictures:
On the icebreaker huge number of traps, including a number of representative:
The corridors and doors in the cabins. Sami cabins I have shown here:
The bar where we whiled away the sunny white nights:
Library. What books are there usually I do not know, since our cruise books brought from Canada and they were all in English:
icebreaker Lobby and reception window:
Mailbox. I wanted to send yourself a postcard from the North Pole, but he forgot:
Swimming pool and sauna:
In front of the restaurant hung a special ball with an alcoholic solution:
The landing was free and many were moved from one table to another, but we - the six Russian-speaking passengers - booked their table in the corner, and always with an eating:
Salads were on the buffet, and the main dish, you could choose from three options:
fed us gourmet cuisine. All the chefs were brought from Argentina. Utensils from Europe:
What can we say, we only had three confectioners. These 3 German all day just doing what they were doing delicious desserts: