How do damask knives
• How do damask knives
Ilia Kulik - known in the circles of gunsmiths Yaroslavl blacksmith. In our time, a blacksmith surprise anyone is difficult, but that it may be interesting, I would say that it unusual blacksmith. This is not a craftsman, a true Master, jokingly making stunning beauty of damask and damask things.
Let's look at the guests a cup of tea and take a look at the wizard. Perhaps the secret of a ferret.
And Bulat and Damascus - this is a very congenial heterogeneous beautiful steel. Damascus is obtained by chaining several plates of different metals. Taken several thin plates and repeatedly prokovyvayutsya, metals mixed and turns damask. Damask steel cook. The composition and the proportions of the alloy and is one of the secrets of this metal. The photo is just bullion Damascus steel, we can say only that from the crucible.
During cooking, every detail is important, the alloy has to cook, but do not be overexposed to heat, salt and pepper to taste. What happens next depends on the preference of the master. Someone prefers to unchain the entire ingot, someone cut it along or across, this will depend on the future pattern and strength of the blade. Ilya prefers to cut into four parts, like an orange.
The metal ingot drawing resembles the cut tree, a simple circle. This figure very few people interested, so you pull the shoes on the correctness depends not only strength, but also the future pattern of veins.
Do you think Elijah will show us some secrets? Of course not, we will train on the water pipes! This, of course, a joke. The pipe is welded at the initial stage for easy grip.
damask steel came to us from India, where people can meditate for decades or years to make a sword. The old Hindu blacksmiths and hammers more on sounded like hammers, and the time seems to have been greater.
Our blacksmiths actively used the labor of journeymen. Master knew where to strike, the student was able to hold the hammer. This antiquated method significantly reduces production time, but it still was not very fast.
To help modern blacksmiths comes sledgehammer. In times of Anosov, the godfather of the Russian damask steel, it was huge steam colossus. Almost like a chimney, only louder. Now blacksmiths in premium remaining after the liquidation of the Soviet factories pneumatic hammers. Not so exciting imagination as steam, but no less productive.
Several heats, several approaches and quartered Damascus steel is transformed into a rectangular plate-blank. Manually on this action it will take half a day, mechanized way ten or fifteen minutes. But the ancient Hindus more than one day.
What I liked Ilya, it's humor and work the details. Many blacksmiths, to put it mildly, trash, not prokovyvaya invisible eye place, if not "saving" the metal instead privarivaya shank bolts and nails. And what, he's still in the grip, no one will see.
Then all to be honest. Be sure that the knife from Kulikova made on the conscience, and the secret "stocks" in him. By the way, thanks to Ilya for the educational program, when I was recently in the manufacture of knives in Zlatoust, some questions still put people into a dead end
It is in Zlatoust in the early XIX century, Pavel Petrovich Anosov launched industrial production of cast Damascus steel for the Russian army.
When you pull the shoes smith knows which side will be cutting and what will be the butt. Tip do the other side, which was foreign in the ingot. Please note: along the blade is like crack. In fact, this "skhlopnuvshayasya" outer wall of the ingot.
One of the questions that arises is why damask, which is still at the beginning of the last century to produce hundreds of tons and about which is composed of many poems and stories, why it has become so rare in today's world? The fact that there is now a huge number of specialized alloys, easier to manufacture, less expensive and less capricious. But the combined properties appreciating the manufacture of knives, damask steel still remains one of the leaders.
In addition, the manufacture of the blade of a "samovar" became a blacksmith puts the product in not only the ability, but also a bit of the soul, and the blade, in turn, may even surprise its creator
Why did Bulat and Damascus are unique properties? The whole point of the alloy heterogeneity. A metal with a low carbon content is softer, high-carbon - on the contrary, is harder and better sharpened. When you pull the shoes and Damascus steel Damascus these types of metals are mixed and retain beautiful pattern of lines. After quenching the blade and acquires strength and flexibility simultaneously. In addition, this steel holds an edge perfectly - a soft metal is grinding, and high-carbon creates cutting edge of small, not distinct eye teeth.
Of course, the myths about the magic power of Damascus became nothing more than a myth. Damascus sword was not the sword-kladentsom, cutting armor like butter. Moreover, many historians doubt the correctness of the name Damascus steel.
The city of Damascus has never been a blacksmith, or metallurgical center. It was a huge market, which have been gathered goods for sale to the east to the west. Bulat and Damascus was made in Syria, Persia and India, while in Damascus just sold.
Yes, and medieval quality products, according to Elias, is not very impressive. There are single copies, which are exhibited in museums and storerooms are tons damask consumer goods, which actually fought.
It is clear that such a time-consuming process with the help of manual labor could not affect the quality. After all needed huge amounts of relatively inexpensive and reliable weapon and minor tweaks eyes closed.
Elijah knives does not hurry, as I said, with attention to detail and in good meticulously. In recent years, very rarely takes up exclusive things, often making an already proven model.
This approach is explained very simply. To make an exclusive reliable and satisfying the requirements of damask steel knife time and effort necessary to spend as much as in the production of several tested models.
Of course this does not mean that Elijah makes two or three kinds of knives and everything. He always some ideas, some new types of blades in operation, some with friends in the "test-drive". In this approach, each blade about it can be said that guarantees its quality.
While svezhevykovannoy cools the blade and is waiting for further processing, see Damascus. And Damascus, and damask - this is not the name of a particular alloy, and the name of the process soon, by which the alloy is obtained. The bar on the left - a Damascus three soft metal, which is used in the manufacture of handles. By the way, the handle also makes Elijah himself. Previously, it was engaged cabinetmaker, but "if you want a good - do it yourself."
A right bar of meteoric metal. It really was once a meteorite, a rare and difficult in the smelting and processing of metals.
The only meteor knife in the world. The inner layer of Damascus steel, and the outer layers of the meteorite. View yet ugly, well then he and the pilot
The next step is grinding and rough grinding to sanding belt. Theoretically, you can forge a sword almost perfect, there will be only sand, but it's too long. Furthermore, removal of the metal layer laterally adds original drawings Damascus steel.
Although in the forge, and the chief engineer there, but health is given due attention. Still, it is one and the, and blacksmithing considered for the light one of the most harmful.
So, with jokes and rhymes, almost new blade was born. We did not look damask steel cooking process, and does not see the hardening process, but here it is better not to disturb the Master.
Here is briefly what we have seen: Damascus steel ingot, quarters, plate, billet, to forge a blade, the blade after the initial coarse roughing blade and prepared for tempering and polishing. Says Ilya, semi-finished product to the customer is better not to show, and give a ready knife.
But even without hardening it can be used as a glass cutter. Hussars?
My daughter got a real guardian of the hands of the blacksmith - a real forged nails!
Our blade is still a blank, it remains to be hardening, polishing, etching, grinding. Of course, will be a beautiful functional handle and sheath. And loving, appreciating the owner. Otherwise, why?
If you want to buy a good knife or read interesting articles about blacksmithing and damask steel, welcome to the site of Ilya Kulikov - bestbulat.ru. And there are pictures of his best works, for example, that of the "Bukhara".