Marilyn Monroe: facts, rumors, photos
Marilyn Monroe (Norma Jeane Mortenson) was born June 1, 1926 in Los Angeles. Legend has it that it was named in honor of the Norms Talmadge - famous actress of the time.
Norms mother, Gladys, who worked in the lab out of Hollywood, with close attention looked at the footage with Norma Talmadge. She admired this star of silent movies. And when Gladys was born a girl, she decided to name their child in honor of the beloved actress. Gladys believed that her daughter will also be a movie star.
Childhood Standards, Marilyn can not be called happy. Father she did not, and his mother, a woman strange and unbalanced, found that he could not raise a daughter alone, and gave it to the age of two weeks in a foster home. Where the girl lived 7 years, only occasionally come to visit her mother. After 7 years, Gladys took her daughter back, but not for long. Soon she had a mental breakdown, during which she ran at someone with a knife, and she was sent to a psychiatric hospital. The rate of the remainder of the childhood spent in an orphanage and several foster homes, where she twice tried to rape when she was not yet 12: The first time my stepfather, and the second time a cousin. The result was, according to one version, frigidity and mistrust of men. About sex, she said: "Personally, I have sex and sexual problems take no more than a cleaning shoe", "If ever I understand why people are so interested in sex, I'll be lucky." Up to 19 years of age, Marilyn twice tried to commit suicide. Once it is turned on the gas, the second - swallowed sleeping pills.
The first independent victory Marilyn was to get rid of congenital stuttering. It worsened after the children's home: the girl could not speak without hesitation, and two words. She corrected his lack of three years. And for 16 years, without the help of speech therapists, I got rid of stuttering.
The first time Marilyn was married at 16 years, in '42, then dropped out of school and went to live with her husband, Jim Dougherty. It was probably a necessary measure than a whim, because she was afraid to get back to the orphanage. Foster family was going to move, and take with you they do not like. Therefore, early marriage was immediately approved. A year after the wedding, Jim went to serve in the navy, and Norma Jean went to work in an aircraft factory.
In the autumn the plant came to the team directors and photographers in order to make a photo report on the contribution of American women in the fight against Nazism. Photographer David Conover, seeing Norma Jean, asked her to pose for a series of shots for $ 5 per hour. She agreed. Thus began her stellar career. Soon she threw the plant and began to work as model. Returning from the war, Jim did not like it and he put Norma an ultimatum: either career or family. But she had ambition, she would like to act in films and while just learned that producers prefer unmarried actresses. The fate of the marriage was sealed. Later she said: "I always knew that became famous not because of their talent or beauty, but only due to the fact that he never fully anyone or anything does not belong."
Twenty Marilyn was not classically beautiful, but for a radiant smile on the pictures for magazines, postcards and calendars hidden resettled in her childhood sadness, a lot of complexes and a tendency to severe depression. Later, one of the close of its critics wrote: "Do not be a favorite of 25 years, or 35, or 45 tolerable, if you liked in 5 years say that Marilyn walked tenderly as a child - is to say very little.". Marilyn herself recalled: "No one has ever called me daughter. No one has ever held me. No one has ever kissed me ... "and" When the little girl feels lost and alone, feeling that it is useless, all her life she can not forget this. " In psychology, there is such a thing, "Marilyn Monroe syndrome" - a complex destructive psychological complex, as a result of deficiency of attention, care and love as a child.
In August 1946, she was offered a contract at the studio, "Twentieth Century Fox", where she took a showgirl. At the studio she was asked to name Carol Lind, Claire Norman, Marilyn Miller, but eventually settled on the name under which it subsequently became famous - Marilyn Monroe. Surname Monroe belonged to her grandmother. By the end of 1951 she received 2-3 thousands of letters from fans a week. In March 1954, Marilyn received the award "Most Popular Actress" (which is true). In January 1955, Marilyn announced the creation of its own corporate "Marilyn Monroe Productions," in which she is the president and owner of a controlling stake.
"The greatest blonde of all time" was born brown-haired woman. Blonde she began at about the same time and changed its name to the alias. But also I made several plastic surgeries. Surgery to correct her nose and chin shape changed. Also solved the problem with the hair that grew in her triangular protrusion on the forehead. Since childhood, her favorite actress was Jean Harlow - a Hollywood star of the 30s, who died at 26 years old. This interest is largely predetermined the reincarnation of Marilyn in blonde and influenced the choice of life. Contemporaries often referred to Marilyn Monroe - the second Jean Harlow. Marilyn Monroe even offered to play in Harlow biopic about her life. At first she refused, but then changed her mind, and even set up a meeting with the producers of the future of the film, however, like Jean, died suddenly.
In the beginning of his career, when things were not going well, Marilyn posed nude for a calendar series. For this work she was paid $ 50 per hour. While pictures of naked models equated with pornography, and such activity was considered illegal for actresses. However, Monroe, then barely make ends meet, the $ 50 was a lot of money. After Marilyn became known, it was a scandal, when someone saw a resemblance between the girl with a calendar and a famous actress. And in December 1953 for $ 500 a picture of this calendar acquired by Hugh Hefner, he decorated them the first issue of his new magazine Playboy (53rd year). As a result, all the hype just made Monroe more popular.
Then the image of Monroe nude met literally everywhere - on cups, pillow cases, playing cards and so on. In this case, her nude-photo in the bar at the air base in Greenland.
In January 1954, she married the famous baseball player Joe DiMaggio. This marriage lasted only 9 months. However, Di Maggio subsequently went on to take care of Marilyn, and tried to provide moral support in her career. After her marriage to DiMaggio studio "XX Century Fox," I invited her to star in the musical "No Business Like Show Business".
In January 1954, they went on their honeymoon to Japan, where DiMaggio was waiting for work. While in this country it has become a very popular baseball player and legendary asked to conduct several training sessions with the Japanese team. During his stay in Japan Monroe received an unexpected invitation to speak before the American soldiers who participated in the Korean War. For them to see "live" famous "cover girl" seemed a miracle. After leaving the stage, surrounded by a sea of people in khaki uniforms, Monroe exclaimed: "I've never seen so many men in one place!" She sang a few songs, the soldiers are taking on "hurray". Subsequently, the actress called the concert one of the highlights of my life.
Most directors complained that Marilyn was hard work. She constantly forgot and confused words, late for the shooting, or even disappeared for a few days. Needed 20-40 takes that episode turned out good. While Monroe was famous for the ability to cause problems for producers and directors, with ordinary people, she behaved very benevolently. When the actress was in Japan, the maid from the hotel where they were staying, she exclaimed: "What you have thick hair!". "Still, they are worse than you" - Marilyn said. Sometimes, Marilyn seemed named Zelda vigilantly and wore a black wig, which would not stand out from the crowd.
During the filming of the picture "Seven Year Itch" (The Seven Year Itch), the relationship of Marilyn Monroe and Joe DiMaggio deteriorated because of jealousy Joe. Then Marilyn invited him to shoot, so he made sure that everything is in order. But he came just as the day when the legendary filmed a scene in which the flow of air from the ventilation hatch lifts up the skirt of Marilyn. Joe was in a rage, and soon their nine-month marriage ended in divorce.
Back in 1950, Marilyn met with the playwright Arthur Miller, but then they separated and met again in 1955. By the time he was divorced, and from a previous marriage he had two children. In the summer of 1956 they were married. This marriage was the longest, but not the happiest they have lived together for four and a half years and divorced January 20, 1961. Later it became known that Arthur a few weeks after the wedding, wrote in his diary, which said: "I think that it is a small child, I hate it!". Marilyn saw this post and I was in shock, and then there was a quarrel. In her opinion, as expressed later, Arthur "was a good writer, but not a very good husband."
Marilyn always wanted to have children, both Joe and Arthur and she was trying to have a baby, but she is not - affected by health problems, a series of abortions (13 unconfirmed) and excessive addiction to drugs and alcohol. By Arthur she was pregnant during the filming of "Some Like It Hot" ( "Some Like It Hot"), but the pregnancy was ectopic and ended in miscarriage. From this Marilyn shocks falls into a long depression, drinks a lot and continues to randomly take medication. From overdose flows in a coma.
There are rumors about her early child, a son, whom she allegedly gave birth to adolescence, and which was given to an orphanage. Rumors, however, nepodtverzhennye. It is known that it is surprisingly quickly found a common language with children and loved them. "Children, especially girls, must always say that they are beautiful and that all their love, - she said. - If I have a daughter, I will always tell her that she's beautiful, I'll comb her hair to shine and I will not leave her alone for a minute. " Hearing of her son, abandoned in an orphanage, has generated in the US is such a thing as "the children of Marilyn Monroe" like "Children of Lieutenant Schmidt". From time to time, "the son of Marilyn Monroe," which, of course, demanded recognition and inheritance.
In 1955, Aristotle Onassis to attract tourists to the resort of Monaco wanted to give Marilyn married the Prince of Monaco. Marilyn herself did not mind, but it was not to be: the Royal House announced plans for other prince. October 29, 1956, Marilyn, being in London, arrived at the Imperial Theater for a meeting with Queen Elizabeth. At this meeting, attended by a number of world-famous actors and actresses. But Elizabeth came only to Marilyn. The press commented: "Marilyn Monroe has reached the peak of perfection, showed good manners and beauty that she won the FA."
In 1961, Marilyn's health had deteriorated and to the public is no longer a secret that she is using drugs. After a lot of negative reviews from critics and audiences for the last two films with her participation, but also because of her divorce from Miller, it happens a nervous breakdown, and it is placed in a psychiatric clinic, "Payne-Uaytni" where force contains some time in a small room, so what she actually developed claustrophobia. Such problems - her ancestral curse. Her mother and grandmother also were at different times in psychiatric institutions.
May 19, 1961 at Madison Square Marilyn singing "Happy Birthday, Mr. President!" John F. Kennedy, whom she met before his presidency, in the 51st year. There were rumors about their romance, and romance with his brother Robert Kennedy. But no substantial evidence that there is no (the famous picture where Kennedy hugs Monroe, is known to be a fake with two actors).
Soon Monroe happened next drug overdose. Joe DiMaggio came to her rescue again. They decided to remarry and set the date of August 8, 1962, but the evening of August 4, Marilyn was found in his house with no signs of life.
Marilyn Monroe died on the night of August 5, 1962 in Brentwood (California) at the age of 36 from a lethal dose of sleeping pills. There are five versions of the cause of her death, the murder committed by security services on the orders of the Kennedy brothers to avoid the publicity of their sexual relations; murder committed by the mafia; drug overdose; suicide; tragic mistake actress psychoanalyst Ralph Greenson prescribed to the patient to take chloral hydrate soon after it received Nembutal. What was the true reason - unknown until now.
There is a hypothesis that in her famous diary bound in leather Marilyn documented the details of his intimate relationship with the Kennedy brothers and other lovers, in particular, recorded that they were talking in bed. Thus, the Diary is a serious dirt. According to an eyewitness, a stylist Monroe, who accompanied her on trips, in the day of death the actress visited the home of Frank Sinatra, with whom she also had a short-term affair. There met her mafioso who collaborated with the CIA - Sam Giancana. He urged Monroe to give the diary. But she did not agree, and it eliminated for fear of blackmail or publicity. A blog disappeared from her home.
When the psychologists offered to inspect the room, where she died, Marilyn Monroe, they are confused: Is there could live this bright, successful woman: a single picture or pictures on the walls, no flowers on the windows, no photographs in frames, nothing expresses cosiness and comfort . Only a bed, a nightstand, a lamp, and you need ... Lots of drugs. However, as is well known by the same psychology: the favorite of many viewers suffered accentuation of character (the ever-changing moods, from serene joyful to sad utopia).
Immediately after the death of the actress version of the drug overdose has been widely discussed in the American press, triggering copycat suicide, resulting in hundreds of Americans followed suit. The number of suicides in the United States increased by 12% (do not know how reliable this figure).
As a child, to somehow compensate for the lack of real parents themselves, Norma Jeane came up with a fairy tale: she believed that her father is known at the time the actor Clark Gable. She wanted to meet with the "father" and often amused himself by trying on their little hands and feet to the tracks left by celebrities on the Hollywood Walk of Fame. Later she said: "I love handsome men! But among us, it is not enough ... you can call a handsome man's name? Raj Kapoor, Clark Gable, Laurence Olivier and all, perhaps! ". Subsequently, her childhood dream come true - Gable starred with her in the film "The Misfits" (1960), scripted her husband Arthur Miller. When the shooting is already coming to an end, Gable said, "Lord Jesus, I am happy that this movie finally dosnyat Monroe brought me a heart attack!".. The next day, Clark Gable was a myocardial infarction, and 11 days later he died.
In the mirror in the Marilyn bathroom loved output lipstick own edifying sayings, some of which have become winged: "Do not expect more than can be achieved", "Vanity Kills", "Do not worry, and worry" ... She also wrote poetry and interested in classical literature, including Russian. One of her wishes was to play the role Grushenka from "The Brothers Karamazov" by Dostoevsky. In his book "Women changed the world" Vitaly Woolf expresses the idea that the real Marilyn nobody knows - we judge it only on gossip, of which she was never able to break free like a butterfly from a cocoon. "Hollywood - a place where you pay thousands of dollars for a kiss and not give a damn for your soul I know this because I too often rejected the first proposal, and my soul is not for sale." - she said. With the English poet Edith Sitwell:
Marilyn Monroe is one of the most famous left-handers. Even on the website of the BBC her name among the famous people who wrote with his left hand. But the photos can be clearly seen that the actress wrote and painted with his right hand. According to another popular myth, Marilyn had 6 toes. But the photos of this, again, is not clear.
Songs Lady GaGa - Government Hooker and Candle in the Wind Elton John dedicated to Marilyn Monroe. Marilyn Manson, whose real name is Brian Warner, was his stage name from Marilyn Monroe's name and the names of cult killer Charles Manson. The image of Marilyn Monroe's most frequently played and most imitated. It is difficult to find a popular actress, singer and fashion model, who would ever not decimated by MM.
In 1999, Marilyn was in the polls of the magazine "Playboy" is recognized as the sexiest woman of the twentieth century, t. E. Was named "sex symbol xx century" over 37! years after his death.
The dress in which Marilyn Monroe sang in the bottom of the birth of President Kennedy, became the most expensive lot in 1999, it was sold at auction for $ 1,265,500. A wedding dress that Marilyn in 1953 at a cost of $ 250, in 1999, bought a private American collector, paying $ 33,500. Owner Marilyn jeans costing $ 75,000 was the Britney Spears. They gave her a designer Tommy Hilfiger.
In spite of the depression and addiction, Marilyn public has always looked flawless, but often late. "It is better to be late, but come in full form Anyway, what I like, so it's not rush Our time is too vain And the beauty and perfection takes time and slowly I have one desire -.... Constantly strive for excellence."