18 great historical myths
1. Eve ate the apple
Apple - fruit useful, although notorious as the forbidden fruit since Eve plucked him in the Garden of Eden with the tree of knowledge, and deprived us - their descendants - paradise. However, an attentive reader must have noticed that nowhere in the Bible is called the fruit was not an apple. Of course, it could be an apple. In the same way as mango or apricot, or any other fruit. But the stigma received only an apple.
2. At the head of Newton's apple fell
Again apples - this is the unfortunate fruit managed to fall on Sir Isaac Newton's head and inspire him to the invention of universal gravitation law. Cute fairy tale, but, most likely, this is just a fairy tale. First he told her publicly Voltaire in his essay on Newton. The only person who said it is up to the publication of Voltaire, was Newton's sister, Katherine Conduit.
3. Walt Disney drew Mickey Mouse
It is believed that the most famous cartoon character - Mickey Mouse - Walt Disney painted by myself. But this is not the case. Mickey was drawn by animator number 1 in the Disney studio Yubom Ayverksom (Ub Iwerks), who was famous for the fact that incredibly quickly drew. The first film about Mickey (it took for him to paint 700 paintings per day) was created in just two weeks. But later, when the sound cartoons Disney rehabilitated - that his voice began talking Mickey Mouse.
4. Marie Antoinette said "Let them eat cake"
In 1766, Jean-Jacques Rousseau wrote about an event that happened 25 years earlier alleged. When Marie Antoinette found out that in the French countryside in humans is not enough bread, she offered them to eat cakes. The problem is that in those years Mary was 11 years old and still living in his native Austria. Most likely these words spread by revolutionary propagandists, to show how far apart people and those who govern them.
5. "The Great Train Robbery" was the first feature film
The film was shot in 1903, but it was not the first feature film. Its duration - 10 minutes. The first feature film was the 100-minute Australian film "The Story of the Kelly Gang" taken 3 years later. A movie like "Great Train Robbery" was filmed a lot in the late 1890s.
6. Van Gogh cut off his ear
impoverished great artist Van Gogh (his whole life is only sold one painting), shortly before committing suicide in a quarrel with his friend Gauguin, more successful in selling their works, cut off his ear, not all, but only a piece of the left lobe. It hurts, but not as bad as it might seem.
7. The Salem witch burned
The Salem (Massachusetts) in 1692 during the trial of 150 people had been arrested the witch, 31 people convicted, 20 of them - deadly. Of these 31 people, not all were women, 6 of them - men. At the same time they are not burned at the stake - it's not scary witches, they were first stoned, then the body was hanged on a rope.
8. Napoleon was Shorty
Many believe that the excessive ambitions of Napoleon are a kind of compensation for his small height. In fact, the growth of the Little Corporal was 5 feet 7 inches (168 cm) - higher than the average Frenchman of those years. So why is it so called? This nickname was a teaser for its small military rank. Napoleon became emperor, but the nickname remains the same.
9. Magellan traveled around the world
Everyone knows about Magellan's two things: that he traveled around the world, and that during this trip, he was killed in the Philippines. One excludes the other. In fact, Magellan was exactly half way: finished the journey Juan Sebastian Elcano, his deputy.
10. Emperor Nero fiddled while Rome burned ignited them
This story is known to all 64 BC. e. Rome is burning and Nero played the fiddle. But this is impossible. Firstly, the violin was invented in 1600 years. But even if the violin was, Nero could play it only at a distance of 30 miles from the burning of Rome, as in a fire, he was not in the Eternal City, and in his villa in the suburbs.
11. Captain Cook discovered Australia
Of course, the Australians do not even want to think so. Long before the 1770 th visited here and Dutchmen Abel Tasman and Dirk Hartog and English pirate William Dampier. And this continent was discovered 50 000 years ago, its original inhabitants - the Australians. The only thing that Cook may be called the "discoverer" of Australia, and that in quotes - so it is for the discovery of new lands that later became the reason for the arrival of white settlers here.
12. Shakespeare himself wrote the story of Hamlet
William Shakespeare is known as the greatest playwright in the history of mankind. However, most of his plays were not his own creations - rather creative adaptations of stories, tales and legends. The play "The Tragedy of Hamlet, Prince of Denmark" as historians say, was based on an ancient Scandinavian tradition.
13. America gained its independence July 4, 1776
This is not the case. Yes, America's Founding Fathers signed the Declaration of Independence on this day. But the war for this independence was another 7 years, and only 3 September 1783 finally signed a peace treaty between the United States and the British King George III.
14. Edison invented the light bulb
1093 patent: Edison - the great inventor. But most of his inventions made by unidentified members of his laboratory. And besides, for four decades before the birth of the Edison electric light revealed a certain Humphrey Davy. His lamp could burn of only 12 hours, and Edison had only to find the right material for the filament, the lamp could burn continually. Yes, the achievement, but not the opening.
15. Columbus proved that the Earth - round
According to the book by the American author Irving Vashingona, it was. Everyone thought - the earth is flat, but Columbus convinced them otherwise. In fact, from the 4th century BC. e. no one thought that the Earth is like a flat pancake. Columbus also could not prove that the Earth - round, as he himself did not believe it! He believed that the Earth was pear-shaped. He had never been to America, but only got to the Bahamas, which is precisely the pear-shaped.
16. Gandhi freed India
This is the most famous leader of the movement for Indian independence. He urged the country to renounce violence. He was 16 years old (in 1885), when it was formed the Indian National Congress. But, without the participation of Gandhi, India would have achieved independence by other, more effective methods than non-resistance to violence and may even be earlier, if you would go along the path indicated Netahi Chandra Bose.
17. Jesus was born on December 25
December 25 - Christmas. But there is no evidence either in the Bible or anywhere else was that Jesus was born on that day. But why did the day December 25 the birth of Jesus? Maybe because on this day the Greeks celebrated the god Mitrosa born of a virgin, and at the same time it was the day of a shepherd?
18. George Washington was the first US president
Everyone knows that George Washington was the first of the 44 US presidents. And here and there! The first was Peyton Randolph - that it chose the revolutionary Congress. His first step was the creation of the high post of the Continental Army to defend against British troops and the appointment to the post of commander in chief ... General Washington! Randolph was succeeded in 1781 by John Hanson, who sent a congratulatory letter to George Washington, after his victory in the Battle of Yorktown, and signed the "I, John Hancock, the president of America." A Washington became the first popularly elected president of the United States - but the fifteenth.